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Modified 1-Jul-16
Created 28-Jun-16
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Halifax owes its existence to the Citadel. It was the large hill overlooking the easily defended harbour below that led the British military to found the town there in 1749. Among the first buildings constructed was a wooden guardhouse on top of what would eventually be called Citadel Hill, with Halifax’s first settlers building their homes at the base of the hill, closer to the water. Over the years, as the fort grew, so too did the town, with much of Halifax dedicated to supplying the soldiers with both essential supplies and off-duty entertainment.

Today, the Halifax Citadel continues to watch over the city’s downtown core, although now its role is as a reminder of Halifax’s past and not as a military fortification. The present Citadel, completed in 1856, is officially called Fort George, named after Britain’s King George II, and is actually the fourth in a series of forts to sit atop what is now known as Citadel Hill. Its distinctive star shape is typical of many 19th century forts built by the British military and gave the garrison sweeping arcs of fire. From its deep defensive ditch, soldiers pointed muskets from every angle of its stout walls and large cannons lined its ramparts. It’s easy to see why no enemy force ever dared to attack the Halifax Citadel.

Fort George, Citadel Hill - 11 May 2016

Fort George, Citadel Hill - 11 May 2016

Guard, Fort George, Citadel Hill - 11 May 2016

Guard, Fort George, Citadel Hill - 11 May 2016

Two Guards, Fort George, Citadel Hill - 11 May 2016

Two Guards, Fort George, Citadel Hill - 11 May 2016

Ditch, Fort George, Citadel Hill - 11 May 2016

Ditch, Fort George, Citadel Hill - 11 May 2016

Fort George, Citadel Hill - 11 May 2016

Fort George, Citadel Hill - 11 May 2016

Fort George, Citadel Hill - 11 May 2016

Fort George, Citadel Hill - 11 May 2016

Cavalier Building, Fort George, Citadel Hill - 11 May 2016

Cavalier Building, Fort George, Citadel Hill - 11 May 2016

Fort George, Citadel Hill - 11 May 2016

Fort George, Citadel Hill - 11 May 2016

Fort George, Citadel Hill - 11 May 2016

Fort George, Citadel Hill - 11 May 2016

Fort George, Citadel Hill - 11 May 2016

Fort George, Citadel Hill - 11 May 2016

Fort George, Citadel Hill - 11 May 2016

Fort George, Citadel Hill - 11 May 2016

Fort George, Citadel Hill - 11 May 2016

Fort George, Citadel Hill - 11 May 2016

Fort George, Citadel Hill - 11 May 2016

Fort George, Citadel Hill - 11 May 2016

Fort George, Citadel Hill - 11 May 2016

Fort George, Citadel Hill - 11 May 2016

Fort George, Citadel Hill - 11 May 2016

Fort George, Citadel Hill - 11 May 2016

Fort George, Citadel Hill - 11 May 2016

Fort George, Citadel Hill - 11 May 2016

Fort George, Citadel Hill - 11 May 2016

Fort George, Citadel Hill - 11 May 2016

Fort George, Citadel Hill - 11 May 2016

Fort George, Citadel Hill - 11 May 2016

Fort George, Citadel Hill - 11 May 2016

Fort George, Citadel Hill - 11 May 2016

Drummer, 78th Highlanders Pipe Band, Fort George, Citadel Hill - 11 May 2016

Drummer, 78th Highlanders Pipe Band, Fort George, Citadel Hill - 11 May 2016

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